The difference between international and domestic tourism
Domestic tourism is travel within your own nation. For example, if a Canadian from Alberta decided to spend a few days at Niagara Falls, as you’re staying in your own country of residence, this is domestic or internal tourism.
The domestic tourism economy around the world is lucrative and has been boosted by the growing trend of staycations. An internal holiday can be a cost-effective option for individuals and has other benefits, such as making residents aware of the history and culture of their country.
This type of tourism is likely to be less of a hassle for visitors, as visiting another part of your own country will lead to no language differences, currency/food changes or etiquette differences.However, domestic trips tend to be significantly shorter than cross-border trips and wider statistics on this activity are under-reported compared to international tourism.
International tourism is what it says on the can. The World Tourism Organization (WTO) defines tourism as ‘traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes’.
International tourism has increased due to people around the world having more money in their pocket, as well as the impact of greater globalisation.
Global tourism has the greatest impact upon developing nations, where the sector is much-needed to provide a big source of income. Tourism is responsible for one in every ten jobs on the planet and global economies spend a lot of money on boosting their tourist sector.
It’s good to bear in mind that it can be difficult to compare domestic and international tourism as states vary in size and activities. For example, Americans wishing to go on holiday in their own state will likely have a greater amount to see/do, compared to internal visitors in Belgium.
If you’re interested in joining this sector, check out TSoM's academic opportunities in hospitality and tourism.